Everything we know about the husband of Mary and the foster father of Jesus comes
from Scripture and that has seemed too little for those who made up legends about
We know he was a carpenter, a working man, for the skeptical Nazarenes ask about
Jesus, "Is this not the carpenter's son?" (Matthew 13:55). He wasn't rich for when
he took Jesus to the Temple to be circumcised and Mary to be purified he offered
the sacrifice of two turtledoves or a pair of pigeons, allowed only for those who
could not afford a lamb (Luke 2:24).
Despite his humble work and means, Joseph came from a royal lineage. Luke and Matthew
disagree some about the details of Joseph's genealogy but they both mark his descent
from David, the greatest king of Israel (Matthew 1:1-16 and Luke 3:23-38). Indeed
the angel who first tells Joseph about Jesus greets him as "son of David," a royal
title used also for Jesus.
We know Joseph was a compassionate, caring man. When he discovered Mary was pregnant
after they had been betrothed, he knew the child was not his but was as yet unaware
that she was carrying the Son of God. He planned to divorce Mary according to the
law but he was concerned for her suffering and safety. He knew that women accused
of adultery could be stoned to death, so he decided to divorce her quietly and not
expose her to shame or cruelty (Matthew 1:19-25).
We know Joseph was man of faith, obedient to whatever God asked of him without knowing
the outcome. When the angel came to Joseph in a dream and told him the truth about
the child Mary was carrying, Joseph immediately and without question or concern
for gossip, took Mary as his wife. When the angel came again to tell him that his
family was in danger, he immediately left everything he owned, all his family and
friends, and fled to a strange country with his young wife and the baby. He waited
in Egypt without question until the angel told him it was safe to go back (Matthew
We know Joseph loved Jesus. His one concern was for the safety of this child entrusted
to him. Not only did he leave his home to protect Jesus, but upon his return settled
in the obscure town of Nazareth out of fear for his life. When Jesus stayed in the
Temple we are told Joseph (along with Mary) searched with great anxiety for three
days for him (Luke 2:48). We also know that Joseph treated Jesus as his own son
for over and over the people of Nazareth say of Jesus, "Is this not the son of Joseph?"
We know Joseph respected God. He followed God's commands in handling the situation
with Mary and going to Jerusalem to have Jesus circumcised and Mary purified after
Jesus' birth. We are told that he took his family to Jerusalem every year for Passover,
something that could not have been easy for a working man.
Since Joseph does not appear in Jesus' public life, at his death, or resurrection,
many historians believe Joseph probably had died before Jesus entered public ministry.
Joseph is the patron of the dying because, assuming he died before Jesus' public
life, he died with Jesus and Mary close to him, the way we all would like to leave
Joseph is also patron of the universal Church, fathers, carpenters, and social justice.
We celebrate two feast days for Joseph: March 19 for Joseph the Husband of Mary
and May 1 for Joseph the Worker.
There is much we wish we could know about Joseph -- where and when he was born,
how he spent his days, when and how he died. But Scripture has left us with the
most important knowledge: who he was -- "a righteous man" (Matthew 1:18).
In His Footsteps: Joseph was foster father to Jesus. There are many children separated
from families and parents who need foster parents. Please consider contacting your
local Catholic Charities or Division of Family Services about becoming a foster